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BI SQL # 112 : SQL Server DBA Scripts : Generate Script for ALL index for Given Database

Hi all,

In this article we are going to cover How to Generate Script for ALL index for Given Database

In this post we are going to discuss following points:

  • Problem Statement of SQL Script:
  • Description of SQL Script:
  • SQL Script Output Column
  • Input Parameter of SQL Script:
  • SQL Script Code
  • User Level to execute

Problem Statement of SQL Script:

How to generate all Index Script for given Database automatically?

Description of SQL Script:

This script Create Index script with optional parameter such as File Group, Drop and Fill Factor

SQL Script Output Column

Output of this script is SQL Script which can fire required Datasbase

image

Input Parameter of SQL Script:

Following are three optional input parameter with default value as 1

  • IncludeFileGroup
  • IncludeDrop
  • IncludeFillFactor

SQL Script Code

 

    DECLARE 
@IncludeFileGroup bit = 1,
@IncludeDrop bit = 1,
@IncludeFillFactor bit = 1

-- Get all existing indexes, but NOT the primary keys
DECLARE Indexes_cursor CURSOR
FOR SELECT 
SC.Name AS SchemaName
, SO.Name AS TableName
, SI.Object_Id AS TableId
, SI.[Name] AS IndexName
, SI.Index_ID AS IndexId
, FG.[Name] AS FileGroupName
, CASE WHEN SI.Fill_Factor = 0 THEN 100 ELSE SI.Fill_Factor END Fill_Factor
FROM sys.indexes SI
LEFT JOIN sys.filegroups FG
ON SI.data_space_id = FG.data_space_id
INNER JOIN sys.objects SO
ON SI.object_id = SO.object_id
INNER JOIN sys.schemas SC
ON SC.schema_id = SO.schema_id
WHERE ObjectProperty(SI.Object_Id, 'IsUserTable') = 1
AND SI.[Name] IS NOT NULL
AND SI.is_primary_key = 0
AND SI.is_unique_constraint = 0
AND IndexProperty(SI.Object_Id, SI.[Name], 'IsStatistics') = 0
ORDER BY Object_name(SI.Object_Id), SI.Index_ID
 
DECLARE @SchemaName sysname
DECLARE @TableName sysname
DECLARE @TableId int
DECLARE @IndexName sysname
DECLARE @FileGroupName sysname
DECLARE @IndexId int
DECLARE @FillFactor int
 
DECLARE @NewLine nvarchar(4000) SET @NewLine = CHAR(13) + CHAR(10)
DECLARE @Tab nvarchar(4000) SET @Tab = Space(4)
 
-- Loop through all indexes
OPEN Indexes_cursor
 
FETCH NEXT
FROM Indexes_cursor
INTO @SchemaName, @TableName, @TableId, @IndexName, 
@IndexId, @FileGroupName, @FillFactor
 
WHILE (@@Fetch_Status = 0)
BEGIN
 
DECLARE @sIndexDesc nvarchar(4000)
DECLARE @sCreateSql nvarchar(4000)
DECLARE @sDropSql nvarchar(4000)
 
SET @sIndexDesc = '-- Index ' + @IndexName + ' on table ' + @TableName
SET @sDropSql = 'IF EXISTS (SELECT 1' + @NewLine
+ ' FROM sysindexes si' + @NewLine
+ ' INNER JOIN sysobjects so' + @NewLine
+ ' ON so.id = si.id' + @NewLine
+ ' WHERE si.[Name] = N''' + @IndexName + ''' -- Index Name' + @NewLine
+ ' AND so.[Name] = N''' + @TableName + ''') -- Table Name' + @NewLine
+ 'BEGIN' + @NewLine
+ ' DROP INDEX [' + @IndexName + '] ON 
[' + @SchemaName + '].[' + @TableName + ']' + @NewLine
+ 'END' + @NewLine
 
SET @sCreateSql = 'CREATE'
 
-- Check if the index is unique
IF (IndexProperty(@TableId, @IndexName, 'IsUnique') = 1)
BEGIN
SET @sCreateSql = @sCreateSql + 'UNIQUE'
END
--END IF
-- Check if the index is clustered
IF (IndexProperty(@TableId, @IndexName, 'IsClustered') = 1)
BEGIN
SET @sCreateSql = @sCreateSql + 'CLUSTERED'
END
--END IF
 
SET @sCreateSql = @sCreateSql + 'INDEX [' + @IndexName + '] 
ON [' + @SchemaName + '].[' + @TableName + ']' + @NewLine + '(' + @NewLine
 
-- Get all columns of the index
DECLARE IndexColumns_cursor CURSOR
FOR SELECT SC.[Name],
IC.[is_included_column],
IC.is_descending_key
FROM sys.index_columns IC
INNER JOIN sys.columns SC
ON IC.Object_Id = SC.Object_Id
AND IC.Column_ID = SC.Column_ID
WHERE IC.Object_Id = @TableId
AND Index_ID = @IndexId
ORDER BY IC.key_ordinal
 
DECLARE @IxColumn sysname
DECLARE @IxIncl bit
DECLARE @Desc bit
DECLARE @IxIsIncl bit SET @IxIsIncl = 0
DECLARE @IxFirstColumn bit SET @IxFirstColumn = 1
 
-- Loop through all columns of the index and append them to the CREATE statement
OPEN IndexColumns_cursor
FETCH NEXT
FROM IndexColumns_cursor
INTO @IxColumn, @IxIncl, @Desc
 
WHILE (@@Fetch_Status = 0)
BEGIN
IF (@IxFirstColumn = 1)
BEGIN
SET @IxFirstColumn = 0
END
ELSE
BEGIN
--check to see if it's an included column
IF (@IxIsIncl = 0) AND (@IxIncl = 1)
BEGIN
SET @IxIsIncl = 1
SET @sCreateSql = @sCreateSql + @NewLine + ')' + 
@NewLine + 'INCLUDE' + @NewLine + '(' + @NewLine
END
ELSE
BEGIN
SET @sCreateSql = @sCreateSql + ',' + @NewLine
END
--END IF
END
--END IF
 
SET @sCreateSql = @sCreateSql + @Tab + '[' + @IxColumn + ']'
-- check if ASC or DESC
IF @IxIsIncl = 0
BEGIN
IF @Desc = 1
BEGIN
SET @sCreateSql = @sCreateSql + ' DESC'
END
ELSE
BEGIN
SET @sCreateSql = @sCreateSql + ' ASC'
END
--END IF
END
--END IF
FETCH NEXT
FROM IndexColumns_cursor
INTO @IxColumn, @IxIncl, @Desc
END
--END WHILE
CLOSE IndexColumns_cursor
DEALLOCATE IndexColumns_cursor
 
SET @sCreateSql = @sCreateSql + @NewLine + ') '
 
IF @IncludeFillFactor = 1
BEGIN
SET @sCreateSql = @sCreateSql + @NewLine + 
'WITH (FillFactor = ' + Cast(@FillFactor as varchar(13)) + ')' + @NewLine
END
--END IF
 
IF @IncludeFileGroup = 1
BEGIN
SET @sCreateSql = @sCreateSql + 'ON ['+ @FileGroupName + ']' + @NewLine
END
ELSE
BEGIN
SET @sCreateSql = @sCreateSql + @NewLine
END
--END IF
 
PRINT '-- **************************************************************'
PRINT @sIndexDesc
PRINT '-- **************************************************************'
 
IF @IncludeDrop = 1
BEGIN
PRINT @sDropSql
PRINT 'GO'
END
--END IF
 
PRINT @sCreateSql
PRINT 'GO' + @NewLine + @NewLine
 
FETCH NEXT
FROM Indexes_cursor
INTO @SchemaName, @TableName, @TableId, @IndexName, 
@IndexId, @FileGroupName, @FillFactor
END
--END WHILE
CLOSE Indexes_cursor
DEALLOCATE Indexes_cursor

User Level to execute

400

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  1. June 3, 2013 at 10:36 pm

    Good Script i like it
    but only you need to do very small update in the Statement of the Create Index
    — Check if the index is unique
    put Space between then Value and the ‘
    Example
    you Write like this :
    — Check if the index is unique
    IF (IndexProperty(@TableId, @IndexName, ‘IsUnique’) = 1)
    The Correct is :
    — Check if the index is unique
    IF (IndexProperty(@TableId, @IndexName, ‘ IsUnique’) = 1)

    make Space between IsUnique and ‘
    because now the Script after generate the Create Show like this

    CREATEUNIQUEINDEX

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