Home > Link, Microsoft SQL Server, MSBI, Optimization, Query, Script, SQL Mentalist, SQL PraRup, SQL Query, SQL Server, Technology,, TSQL, Vishal Pawar > BI SQL # 191 : SQL Server DBA Scripts : Search for a string in all tables of SQL Server Database

BI SQL # 191 : SQL Server DBA Scripts : Search for a string in all tables of SQL Server Database

Hi Folks,

In this article we are going to cover How to Search for a string in all tables of SQL Server Database.

In this post we are going to discuss following points:

  • Problem Statement of SQL Script:
  • Description of SQL Script
  • Input Parameter of SQL Script
  • SQL Script Code
  • SQL Script Output Screenshot
  • User Level to execute

Problem Statement of SQL Script:

Search for a string in all tables of SQL Server Database.

Description of SQL Script:

This Script search through all tables or given Table for a given string.

Input Parameter of SQL Script

@Tablenames — Provide a single table name or multiple table names with comma separated.

If left blank, it will check for all the tables in the database

@SearchStr — Provide the search string. Use the ‘%’ to coin the search.

EX: X%— will give data staring with X

@GenerateSQLOnly — Provide 1 if you only want to generate the SQL statements without seraching the database.

By default it is 0 and it will search.

SQL Script Code

IF OBJECT_ID('SearchTables', 'P') IS NOT NULL
    DROP PROCEDURE SearchTables
GO

CREATE PROCEDURE SearchTables @Tablenames VARCHAR(500)
    ,@SearchStr NVARCHAR(60)
    ,@GenerateSQLOnly BIT = 0
AS
SET NOCOUNT ON

DECLARE @CheckTableNames TABLE (Tablename SYSNAME)
DECLARE @SQLTbl TABLE (
    Tablename SYSNAME
    ,WHEREClause VARCHAR(MAX)
    ,SQLStatement VARCHAR(MAX)
    ,Execstatus BIT
    )
DECLARE @sql VARCHAR(MAX)
DECLARE @tmpTblname SYSNAME

IF LTRIM(RTRIM(@Tablenames)) IN (
        ''
        ,'%'
        )
BEGIN
    INSERT INTO @CheckTableNames
    SELECT NAME
    FROM sys.tables
END
ELSE
BEGIN
    SELECT @sql = 'SELECT ''' + REPLACE(@Tablenames, ',', 
            ''' UNION SELECT ''') + ''''

    INSERT INTO @CheckTableNames
    EXEC (@sql)
END

INSERT INTO @SQLTbl (
    Tablename
    ,WHEREClause
    )
SELECT SCh.NAME + '.' + ST.NAME
    ,(
        SELECT '[' + SC.NAME + ']' + ' LIKE ''' + @SearchStr + ''' OR ' 
            + CHAR(10)
        FROM SYS.columns SC
        JOIN SYS.types STy ON STy.system_type_id = SC.
            system_type_id
            AND STy.user_type_id = SC.user_type_id
        WHERE STY.NAME IN (
                'varchar'
                ,'char'
                ,'nvarchar'
                ,'nchar'
                )
            AND SC.object_id = ST.object_id
        ORDER BY SC.NAME
        FOR XML PATH('')
        )
FROM SYS.tables ST
JOIN @CheckTableNames chktbls ON chktbls.Tablename = ST.NAME
JOIN SYS.schemas SCh ON ST.schema_id = SCh.schema_id
WHERE ST.NAME <> 'SearchTMP'
GROUP BY ST.object_id
    ,SCh.NAME + '.' + ST.NAME;

UPDATE @SQLTbl
SET SQLStatement = 'SELECT * INTO SearchTMP FROM ' + Tablename + 
    ' WHERE ' + substring(WHEREClause, 1, len(WHEREClause) - 5)

DELETE
FROM @SQLTbl
WHERE WHEREClause IS NULL

WHILE EXISTS (
        SELECT 1
        FROM @SQLTbl
        WHERE ISNULL(Execstatus, 0) = 0
        )
BEGIN
    SELECT TOP 1 @tmpTblname = Tablename
        ,@sql = SQLStatement
    FROM @SQLTbl
    WHERE ISNULL(Execstatus, 0) = 0

    IF @GenerateSQLOnly = 0
    BEGIN
        IF OBJECT_ID('SearchTMP', 'U') IS NOT NULL
            DROP TABLE SearchTMP

        EXEC (@SQL)

        IF EXISTS (
                SELECT 1
                FROM SearchTMP
                )
        BEGIN
            SELECT Tablename = @tmpTblname
                ,*
            FROM SearchTMP
        END
    END
    ELSE
    BEGIN
        PRINT REPLICATE('-', 100)
        PRINT @tmpTblname
        PRINT REPLICATE('-', 100)
        PRINT replace(@sql, 'INTO SearchTMP', '')
    END

    UPDATE @SQLTbl
    SET Execstatus = 1
    WHERE Tablename = @tmpTblname
END

SET NOCOUNT OFF
GO

SQL Script Output Screenshot

image

User Level to execute

    200

Hope you will like to How to Search for a string in all tables of SQL Server Database.

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