Posts Tagged ‘SQL White Papers’

SQL SERVER – BISQL #1 : IT’s All About Primary Key and Basics of It !!!

May 30, 2011 3 comments

Hi Friends,

  • All Query which I am posting today you can use this directly on your query plan like copy,paste and execute this query.
  • Each query have valid column name and similarly I have shown in the form of image for proper understanding and proper usage

1.Find all Primary key in Give Database in following format:


SELECT AS IndexName,


COL_NAME(ic.OBJECT_ID,ic.column_id) AS ColumnName

FROM sys.indexes AS i

INNER JOIN sys.index_columns AS ic


AND i.index_id = ic.index_id

WHERE i.is_primary_key = 1


2.Finding Constrains and  Type of Constrain i.e. Primary and foreign key relation in the given database



SCHEMA_NAME(schema_id) AS SchemaName,

OBJECT_NAME(parent_object_id) AS TableName,

type_desc AS ConstraintType

FROM sys.objects 



3.Detailed level relationship and description of primary key and foreign key


SELECT AS ForeignKey,

        SCHEMA_NAME(f.SCHEMA_ID) SchemaName,

        OBJECT_NAME(f.parent_object_id) AS TableName,

        COL_NAME(fc.parent_object_id,fc.parent_column_id) AS ColumnName,

        SCHEMA_NAME(o.SCHEMA_ID) ReferenceSchemaName,

        OBJECT_NAME (f.referenced_object_id) AS ReferenceTableName,

        COL_NAME(fc.referenced_object_id,fc.referenced_column_id) AS ReferenceColumnName

FROM    sys.foreign_keys AS f

INNER   JOIN sys.foreign_key_columns AS fc ON f.OBJECT_ID = fc.constraint_object_id

INNER   JOIN sys.objects AS o ON o.OBJECT_ID = fc.referenced_object_id


Use the above snippets as per your requirement.

Most of the case its is going to be use in the Database Analysis where Database size and table are large n high in number

For more interesting information on SQL we can also look into similar topics such as

Hope you will like this post on Primary Key and Basics of It.

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